A novel robotic arm that incorporates exoskeleton, soft robot and neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) in one system, for effective and self-help mobile rehabilitation after stroke. It supports physical training at the elbow, wrist and fingers under voluntary effort control through electromyography (EMG) and offers long-term telerehabilitation management. It is lightweight, compact and low-power-requirement, which makes rehabilitation accessible anytime and anywhere.
Upper limb motor deficits are noted in >80% of stroke survivors, who require intensive, repeated and long-term rehabilitation to reduce physical impairments and regain independence. However, patients have limited access to post-stroke treatments with the necessary training intensity because of expanding stroke population and a lack of professionals worldwide and other difficulties, e.g., commuting to outpatient services in day hospitals.
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